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The Bubbling Science of Beer Foam

Beer foam is extremely important to a perfect pint, but what exactly is its scientific genesis?

As babies, we blow snot bubbles. As toddlers, we blow soap bubbles on a sunny day, and splish-splash in bubble baths. Naturally, as adults, the joy of bubbles transfers to the most adult of all joys – beer. Magical as those bubbles may seem, they don’t just pop out of thin air. There’s hard science backing up how beer foam forms. So what exactly is the business behind the fizziness?

What’s In a Bubble?
Step one to bringing bubbles into adult comprehension is understanding the process. Beer contains gas – usually carbon dioxide, but sometimes nitrogen, which remains under a stable amount of pressure in a closed container like a bottle or can. The magic of the bubbling process, or “nucleation” process, begins when you open your beer.

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