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How To Make Cannabis Oil At Home? A Step-By-Step Guide

Learn how to make cannabis oil at home with easy-to-follow steps using essential ingredients along with helpful tips for choosing the right cannabis strain and carrier oil.

How To Make Cannabis Oil At Home? A Step-By-Step Guide

How can you make cannabis oil at home? This question might seem like a difficult one to answer, but it's actually easy. Are you confused by all the different methods found online? You're not alone. A lot of people want to know a simple way to make cannabis oil from the comfort of their own home. Read on to find simply, easy-to-follow ways of making cannabis oil at home.



Cannabis Oil at Home: How Is It Possible?

Most of people are confused about the various methods of making cannabis oil (aka cannaoil) at home. However, once you understand the process of making it, producing cannabis oil at home is fairly straightforward. The key is having the right ingredients and following a few simple steps.

You don't need a fancy lab or expensive equipment to make cannabis oil. In fact, with just a few basic kitchen tools, some quality cannabis and a carrier oil, you are more than halfway there.

The process involves decarboxylating your cannabis, which is a fancy way of saying you need to heat it up. This activates the compounds in the cannabis, making them ready to infuse into the carrier oil.

So, the first step is choosing the right cannabis strain or flower as well as a carrier oil:

1. Cannabis Strain or Flower

The choice of cannabis strain or flower is crucial in determining the final effect and flavor of your oil. Different strains have varying levels of THC and CBD, the two primary active compounds in cannabis.

If you're looking for more therapeutic benefits without a strong psychoactive effect, you might opt for a strain high in CBD. On the other hand, if you're after the psychoactive effects, a strain high in THC would be your go-to.

Also, consider the flavor profile of the strain. Just like herbs used in cooking, different cannabis strains add different flavors to the oil. Some might offer a citrusy note, while others might have a more earthy or floral taste.

This is particularly important if you plan to use your cannabis oil in edibles.

2. Carrier Oil

The carrier oil is equally important. It's not just a medium for your cannabis infusion; it also contributes to the potency and absorption rate of your cannabis oil. Common choices include coconut oil, olive oil and hemp seed oil, each bringing its own set of benefits.

  • Coconut Oil: This is a popular choice due to its high saturated fat content, which makes for a potent cannabis infusion. It's also known for its long shelf life and mild flavor.
  • Olive Oil: Olive oil is another good option, especially if you're looking for a carrier oil with a distinct flavor. It's also heart-healthy, though it may not be as effective at extracting THC compared to coconut oil.
  • Hemp Seed Oil: While not as common, hemp oil can be a great carrier if you're looking for an oil that's rich in omega fatty acids. However, it does have a stronger, nuttier flavor, which might influence the taste of your cannabis oil.

Choosing the right combination of cannabis strain and carrier oil will not only impact the effectiveness of your oil but also its taste and how you can use it.

How to Make Cannabis Oil at Home? 4 Easiest Steps

Making cannabis oil at home is a simple process if you know what to do. Here is a simple recipe with some easy-to-follow steps that will help you.

Equipment and Ingredients List

  • Cannabis strain or flower of your choice (1 Cup of Strain or 3-4 Grams of Cannabis Flower)
  • Carrier oil (1 Cup)
  • Baking sheet
  • Grinder (in order to grind the cannabis)
  • Cheesecloth or fine strainer
  • Double boiler or slow cooker
  • Glass jar for storage

Step #1: Decarboxylation

First of all, you will have to activate the good stuff in your cannabis. This process is called decarboxylation. It sounds scientific, but it's just a fancy word for heating your weed to make it potent for the oil.

Start by grinding your cannabis, but not too fine; think about the consistency of coarse sea salt. After that, spread this ground cannabis evenly on a baking sheet. 

Now, preheat your oven to about 245°F (120°C). Pop in the cannabis and let it bake for about 30-40 minutes. Give it a stir every 10 minutes or so. 

This gentle heat wakes up the THC and CBD in the cannabis without burning it.

Step #2: Mixing with Carrier Oil

Now, let's get mixing! Take your now-decarboxylated cannabis and mix it with your chosen carrier oil in a bowl or saucepan. The usual mix is a cup of oil for every cup of cannabis, but feel free to tweak this ratio depending on how strong you want your oil.

Step #3: Slow Cooking

Next up, we cook, but slowly. This is where the magic happens. Put your cannabis and oil mixture into a double boiler or slow cooker and close the lid. This will keep the heat low and steady.

We are aiming for about 160-200°F (70-95°C). Let it cook for 2 to 4 hours, but don't rush it. The longer it cooks, the more potent it gets.

So, just give it a look occasionally, and don’t let it burn.

Step #4: Straining and Storing

Once your oil has simmered for a good while, it's time to strain it. Let the oil cool down a bit first, you don't want to burn yourself.

Once it's safe to handle, grab your cheesecloth or fine strainer. Pour the oil through it into a glass jar.

This part is important: squeeze out as much oil as you can from the cannabis leftovers in the cheesecloth.

Now, store your freshly made cannabis oil in a mason jar.

Remember, the strength of your oil can vary. It depends on how long you cooked it and the type of cannabis you used. So, start with small amounts to see how strong it is. Enjoy your creation, but do so responsibly.

cannabis oil storage

Helpful Tips to Store Your Cannabis-Infused Oil

Storing your cannabis oil is crucial to maintain its potency, flavor and longevity. Here are some helpful tips to ensure you get the most out of your homemade oil:

Use the Right Container

Always store your cannabis oil in a clean, airtight glass container or pot. Glass is non-reactive and won't interact with the oil, which helps maintain its purity and flavor. Avoid plastic containers, as they can leach chemicals into the oil over time.

Keep It Cool and Dark

Light and heat are the enemies of cannabis oil. They can degrade the oil's quality and potency. Find a cool, dark place in your home, like a cupboard or a pantry, to store your oil. This helps in preserving its effectiveness and flavor for a longer time.

Consider Refrigeration

If you don't plan on using your cannabis oil frequently, consider storing it in the refrigerator. The cool temperature slows down the degradation process. Just make sure it's in a well-sealed container to prevent it from absorbing any food odors.

Label It

It’s a good practice to label your container with the date of production. This helps you keep track of its freshness. Cannabis oil can typically last for up to a year if stored properly, but it’s best used within the first six months.

Keep Away from Direct Sunlight

Direct sunlight can warm your oil and speed up the degradation process. Even if you're storing your oil in a dark bottle, it's best to keep it away from windows or places where it might be exposed to direct sunlight.

Avoid Frequent Temperature Changes

Try not to move your oil in and out of different environments too often. Constant changes in temperature can affect the oil's quality. Decide on a storage spot and try to keep it there or maintain it at a room temperature.

Check for Changes

Periodically check your oil for any changes in smell, color or consistency. These changes can indicate that the oil is past its prime and might not be as effective.

By following these tips, your homemade cannabis oil can remain potent and enjoyable for a considerable amount of time. 

Medical Benefits of Cannabis Oil

Cannabis oil has gained significant attention for its potential medical benefits. This oil contains cannabinoids like THC and CBD, which are thought to offer various health benefits.

Here's a look at some of the most notable medical benefits of cannabis oil:

  1. Pain Relief: Cannabis oil is widely recognized for its pain-relieving properties. It's particularly helpful in managing chronic pain conditions, such as arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Cannabinoids in the oil interact with pain receptors in the body to alleviate discomfort.
  2. Anxiety and Stress Reduction: CBD, a compound in cannabis oil, is known for its calming effects. It can help reduce anxiety and stress levels, making it beneficial for those with anxiety disorders or those going through stressful periods.
  3. Anti-Inflammatory Properties: The anti-inflammatory properties of cannabis oil can be helpful in treating various inflammatory conditions. This includes skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema, as well as inflammatory bowel diseases.
  4. Sleep Aid: For those struggling with insomnia or sleep disturbances, cannabis oil can be a natural sleep aid. THC, in particular, is known to induce sleepiness and help regulate the sleep cycle.
  5. Seizure Control: Cannabis oil, especially CBD-rich oil, has shown promise in reducing seizures in individuals with epilepsy, including rare and severe forms like Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.
  6. Cancer-Related Symptoms: Cannabis oil can help alleviate some cancer-related symptoms and side effects of cancer treatment, such as nausea, vomiting and pain. Some studies also suggest potential anti-cancer properties, though more research is needed in this area.
  7. Neuroprotective Properties: Research indicates that cannabis oil may have neuroprotective properties, which could be beneficial for conditions like Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and stroke.
  8. Heart Health: Some studies suggest that CBD in cannabis oil may benefit heart health by lowering blood pressure and reducing arterial inflammation.

It’s important to note that while cannabis oil has potential health benefits, it is not a cure-all. That is why it is advised to take it in a controlled manner.

Besides, the overall effects can vary depending on the individual, the type of carrier oil used, and the method of consumption.

Cannabis Oil Consumption Methods

Cannabis oil is incredibly versatile, offering various ways for consumption to suit different preferences and needs.

Here are some common and effective methods to use your homemade cannabis oil:

Sublingual Administration

One of the simplest methods is to take cannabis oil sublingually, or under the tongue. This method allows for quick absorption into the bloodstream.

Just place a few drops under your tongue, hold it there for about 30-60 seconds, and then swallow. It's discreet, easy and the effects can be felt relatively quickly.

Incorporate into Edibles

Cannabis oil can be easily incorporated into your cooking. You can add it to sauces, vegetables, salad dressings or even baked goods. This method is great for those who prefer not to taste the oil directly or who want a longer-lasting effect.

Remember, when ingested, the effects take longer to manifest but can be more potent and long-lasting.


If you prefer a no-fuss, no-mess method, filling capsules with cannabis oil is an excellent option. This allows for precise dosing and is convenient for on-the-go use. The effects are similar to consuming edibles since the oil is ingested.

Topical Application

Cannabis oil can be used topically for localized relief. You can apply it directly to the skin, or mix it into creams or lotions. This is particularly useful for issues like muscle pain or skin conditions.

The cannabinoids in the oil interact with the local endocannabinoid receptors in the skin without entering the bloodstream, which means no psychoactive effects.

As a Tincture

Tinctures are another popular way to consume cannabis oil. You can use a dropper to place a few drops of the oil into beverages like tea, coffee or smoothies. It's a simple and effective way to enjoy the benefits of cannabis oil without any hassle.

Each of these methods has its own set of benefits and effects. It's important to experiment and find what works best for you. Remember to start with a low dose, especially if you're new to cannabis oil, and gradually increase it as needed. 

Final Words

Making and using cannabis oil is easy once you know how, but always remember to use it carefully and know about its effects. If you need it for health reasons, talk to a doctor first. It's also important to know the laws about cannabis in your area.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is cannabis oil edible?

Yes, cannabis oil is edible. You can mix it into foods or drinks, use it in cooking, or take it directly. It's a popular way to consume cannabis without smoking.

What is the best oil for making cannabis oil?

The best oil for making cannabis oil can vary depending on personal preference. Common choices include coconut oil, olive oil, vegetable oil and hemp seed oil. Coconut oil is a favorite due to its high saturated fat content, which helps extract more cannabinoids.

How many grams do you need to make cannabis oil?

The amount of cannabis needed depends on the desired potency and the amount of carrier oil used. A general guideline is to use a 1:1 ratio of cannabis to oil. For example, 1 cup of oil to 1 cup of ground cannabis, equivalent to 3-4 grams.

Does cannabis oil make you feel better?

Many people report that cannabis oil helps them feel better, especially in managing pain, anxiety and sleep issues. However, effects can vary based on the type of cannabis used and the individual's response.

Is it safe to take CBD oil every day?

For some people, taking CBD oil daily can be safe and beneficial. However, it's important to start with a low dose and consult with a healthcare professional, especially if you have underlying health concerns or are taking other medications.

What is the yield of cannabis oil extraction?

The yield from cannabis oil extraction varies. Typically, you can expect to get about the same volume of oil as the amount of oil you start with. So, 1 cup of carrier oil would yield about 1 cup of cannabis oil. The potency, however, will depend on the strength of the cannabis and the extraction process.